exit (C++)

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Header File

stdlib.h

Category

Process Control Routines

Prototype

void _exit(int status);

Description

Terminates program.

exit terminates the calling process. Before termination, all files are closed, buffered output (waiting to be output) is written, and any registered "exit functions" (posted with atexit) are called.

status is provided for the calling process as the exit status of the process. Typically a value of 0 is used to indicate a normal exit, and a nonzero value indicates some error. It can be, but is not required, to be set with one of the following:

Status Value Description

EXIT_FAILURE

Abnormal program termination; signal to operating system that program has terminated with an error

EXIT_SUCCESS

Normal program termination


Return Value

None.

Example

 #include <stdlib.h>
 #include <stdio.h>
 int main(void)
 {
    int status;
    printf("Enter either 1 or 2\n");
    status = getchar();
    exit(status - '0'); 
 /* Note: this line is never reached */
    return 0;
 }

Portability

POSIX Win32 ANSI C ANSI C++

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See Also