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C++ Assignment Operator as the Object Pascal Implicit Operator

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This section describes the Appmethod C++ syntax for using the C++ assignment operator as the Object Pascal implicit operator.

In Object Pascal, the implicit operator is used for both assignment and construction. In C++ for Appmethod C++, it is possible to use the operator= only for assignment to the result type; but not for constructing the result type.

This syntax allows using the operator= for assignment in C++, the same as the implicit operator is used in the Object Pascal side.

A clear case that illustrates this is for example when using TValue in C++, where you have several implicit operators in Object Pascal that allow users to assign several types transparently.

Object Pascal:

procedure doSomething();
  a : TValue;
  a := 'assigning a string';
  a := 123;
  a := 3.14;

Without the assignment operator, the C++ equivalent of the above Object Pascal code is the following.


void doSomethingCppOld()
  TValue a;
  a = TValue::_op_Implicit(UnicodeString(L"assigning a string"));
  a = TValue::_op_Implicit(123);
  a = TValue::_op_Implicit(3.14L);

With the assignment operator, it is possible to write the C++ equivalent like this.


void doSomethingCpp()
  TValue a;
  a = UnicodeString(L"assigning a string");
  a = 123;
  a = 3.14L;
Note: Whether you use the first or the second C++ version, it is important that you call the UnicodeString constructor when assigning a literal string, since its type is const wchar_t * (or const char *, if no L prefix is written). Otherwise, the pointer would be evaluated as a Boolean expression, because it is the best match, probably resulting in a call to an unexpected implicit operator.

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